The exhibition

Museo Tuscania pianta piano terraMuseo Tuscania pianta piano primo

In the first section of the Museum, which was arranged in 1988 as a permanent exhibition, there are on show in the first two rooms, a funeral complex from the three chamber tombs from the Hellenistic Age (4th - 1st century BC) of the Curunas family (Necropolis of Madonna dell'Olivo).

Next to the sarcophagi in nenfro stone, there are lids showing in high relief the figure of the deceased. Ceramics of various kinds are grouped together, some of out standing craftmanship, which were produced by workshops at Falerii, Cerveteri, Vulci and/or Tarquinia, Chiusi and also locally. There are also painted vases imitating products from Southern Italy. However, the most important group of objects is represented by bronze vases of various kinds for use at the banquets, which are flanked by figured mirrors, ornaments and objects used in women’s daily life.

In the third room there is an elegantly crafted sarcophagus coffin illustrating Amazon fighting scenes on three sides and on the fourth there is displayed a fight between beasts (final decade of the 4th century BC), the tomb is named after the sarcophagus “Tomba del sarcofago degli Amazzoni”. In the fourth and last room, are located the sarcophagi of five generations of the Vipinana family, from between 310 and 170 BC.

On the first floor in the left wing: tomb items are exposed, which were found in Etruscan tombs in the necropolises at Tuscania, (Pian di Mola, Le Scalette, Ara del Tufo, la Peschiera, Sasso Pizzuto, etc), from the Orientalizing Period (end of the 8th - first half of the 7th century BC) to the full Archaic Age (6th century BC). Most of the collection is pottery (among which are bowls for storaging food, jars (olle) for water and amphoras for transporting wine), some with plastic decorations impressed and/or engraved. There are also vases of black (impasto buccheroide) or in bucchero often decorated with engravings, Etrusco-Geometric and Etrusco-Corinthian figured vases coming from various workshops, and also present are black-figured Attic and Etruscan vases (olpe by the Micali painter).

Among the funeral complexes from the Etruscan Archaic Age (VI century BC) are the finds of rock-cut (dado) tombs, shaped like a house, especially from the necropolises of Peschiera and Pian di Mola (found in the latter: a House Tomb with a portico, enriched with decorative elements and sculptures in nenfro stone), together with the architectural figures of terracotta, with mould-made and painted decorations (antefixes, plaques(slabs)with scenes of horse-racing, processions of riders, departure of warriors, banquet and dancing scenes), found in the Ara del Tufo necropolis but also from other archaeological sites in Tuscania.

On the top floor in the corridor between the left and the right wings, is a temporary exhibition which shows objects from the end of the 6th century to the first decades of the 5th century BC, recently found in the Guadocinto necropolis (ceramics, sculptures in nenfro stone and figures in terracotta). Recently inaugurated, is an exhibition in the rooms on the top floor which has a collection of objects from the Classical to the Hellenistic Age. It is of particular interest a cremation burial tomb from Pian di Mola (5th century BC)of a house-shaped stone on the top and with its original arrangement of items when it was found. In the other rooms grave items are displayed from the necropolis of Rosavecchia, as well as the terracotta sarcophagi of Tuscanian, belonging to several generations of the Treptie family (3rd - 2nd century BC)of which the tomb has been given their name.